How to Grow and Care for Begonias

Begonia is a hardy perennial that brings bright blooms to your home and garden for almost all of the year. There are more than 1,000 species of begonias, and they come in many shapes, shades, and sizes. They are easy to develop and can be the center of any lawn, and that they even grow properly interior.

Growing Zone and Facts

The  begonia is a plant that thrives in developing zones 10 and 11 as perennials, but they also can grow in different zones within the us of a as annuals. They also flourish in containers and flower pots, so they make a incredible indoor plant as nicely. This plant has been famous for the reason that Victorian age, and it’s miles nevertheless famous in gardens and homes these days.

Depending at the species, this plant can develop anywhere from six inches tall up to two feet. Blooms are red, white, yellow, and purple, and there are versions within the foliage. These y flowers are related to pumpkins and melons; in fact, these fit for human consumption plant life actually have a citrus flavor to them.

How to Plant and Care

Begonia seeds are some of the smallest flower seeds that you will locate, so when you plant them, be aware that a small seed pod that weighs simplest about an can create as many as three million seedlings. Once you’ve got a plant growing in your garden, you may find that  begonias develop first-class with those conditions:

Sun – In most regions, these flora will grow exceptional in full sun, however if you stay in the extra tropical regions of the country, a few shade can be required from the hot afternoon sun. If you locate that the plant life are not blooming, then extra sunlight is suggested.

Temperature – This is a plant that doesn’t do well in bloodless or freezing temperatures, so that you will want to plant it in which the temperature could be at the least about 60 levels Fahrenheit. Temperatures which are up to 75 stages will help inspire blooming.

Humidity –  begonias want to develop in a noticeably humid environment, so if you can’t preserve the humidity above 50 percent, a small humidifier can be useful for indoor plants.

Water – Make sure to preserve the soil moist, however no longer dripping wet.

SoilAny mild, properly-draining soil is going to be excellent for this plant.

FertilizerA fairly susceptible fertilizer fed monthly should work well for  begonias.

Growing in Containers

 Begonias make lovely indoor houseplants, particularly in case you stay in an area wherein the plant does no longer thrive all 12 months long. When planted in a proper box, most  Begonias can live for a length of as a minimum 4 to 5 years. Since this plant can turn out to be pretty big, you’ll need a large pot so that it does not want to be replanted proper away. You also want a flower pot with a number of drainage holes so that the water does no longer over soak the roots.

Pruning

When your plant is developing, you’ll no longer need to prune it for the most part. Simply trim the leaves and the branches that Evolve in a curve or overgrow. In truth, in most instances, you will handiest want to pinch the stems to get rid of the lifeless and encourage increase. This will need to be completed about as soon as a month, but it will make the plant appearance a lot fuller as a end result. Sometimes a Begonia may get leggy, which means that it’s far accomplishing for a selected direction wherein the light has a tendency to be. Pruning the plant is a exceptional manner to force it to develop from a sure a part of the stem, that could correct the legginess and create a fuller plant.

Winterizing

Since  Begonias do no longer develop in bloodless climates, many gardeners will take away the plant life from the ground and vicinity them in a planter a good way to come interior for the winter. Once inside, they will want warmth and lots of sunlight to develop, but so long as the temperature is above 60 tiers, it’ll continue to exist the winter. Frost can kill  begonias, so make certain that you preserve the plant indoors till properly after frost is a risk. We wrote a super article with guidelines on how to overwinter your Begonias.

Propagation

The fine way to propagate a  Begonia is to take a stem slicing from the plant. This cutting ought to be taken within the spring, and each slicing should be approximately 3 to 4 inches in period. Place the reducing about two inches into the soil. While the cutting is forming roots, you may need to hold the soil wet, and the air across the plant life humid. One trick that many gardeners use to give a plant extra humidity is to cowl the leaves with a plastic bag. It will make an effort for the plant to begin growing again, but with the right care, it’s going to thrive soon enough.

You also can start a plant shape the seeds of a mature plant. The seeds have to be planted about 12 weeks earlier than the primary frost of the 12 months. They will want a whole lot of mild to develop, so do not cover them at all. They will grow best between 70 and 75 stages Fahrenheit, and also you must start to see growth in about 15 to 20 days.

Common Problems

One of the maximum not unusual problems that you’ll revel in with a  Begonia is root rot. This is due to the fact the plant requires lots of humidity and moisture to grow, however when the moisture sets within the soil, it is able to purpose root rot, which can be pretty unfavorable to the plant. When the leaves of the plant are moist, fungus also can shape on the leaves. This will seem like a powdery mildew, but it is able to effortlessly be corrected with the aid of adjusting the moisture stage and watering the plant from beneath the leaves. Spots also can shape on the leaves. Pests are not a common difficulty with  Begonias, but there are a few to keep at bay like spider mites, whiteflies, aphids, and scales, that can all motive discoloration and deformities in the leaves.